To dream of stairs represents slow or incremental progress in a situation. It may also reflect an increase or decrease if your confidence, awareness, or intelligence. Making progress in some way.
Negatively, stairs in a dream may reflect unpleasant feelings about the need for responsible growth or having to wait to grow up before you can do something more serious or adult, or a slow hard learning process.
Going up stairs often represents improvement, achievement, or reaching higher levels of awareness and understanding. You are making progress emotionally, spiritually, or materially. If you have problems going up stairs it may symbolize trouble being unable to make progress in your life. Going up stairs may also symbolize a struggle or challenge you must endure to reach a higher level of understanding, success, or power. Improving "one step at a time. Slow learning process.
Going down stairs often represents emotional regression, or a situation that is getting worse. For example walking into your basement may symbolize regressing into darker aspects of your unconscious thoughts. Possibly a waking life situation is becoming more stressful or unpleasant to deal with. Walking down stairs may also symbolize the easing of conditions as a challenge or struggle ends. You may be slowly dealing with challenges to reach a bigger problem.
To dream that you walk up or down the stairs of your home towards another floor symbolizes a new mindset or emotional state. Deciding to do something different. The stairs themselves in this case may not be as relevant as where it is you are going. For example, moving from your bedroom down the stairs to the kitchen may reflect your readiness to do something different about a very private issue you have been keeping to yourself.
Example: A woman dreamed of seeing children going up and down stairs. In waking life he was blind and experiencing recurring cycles of her eyesight getting better and then worse.
Example 2: A man dreamed of moving from his bedroom, down stairs, and then going into the kitchen. In waking life he was preparing to face his biggest fear which was a revealing a very dark personal secret.
Example 3: A young girl dreamed of her mother turning into an angry octopus while standing on stairs that were behind her. In waking life he felt that her mother was aggressively trying to stop her from dating boys. The stairs behind her in the dream may have reflected her feelings about her mother's view of her not being grow up enough and having to return to a slower process of growing up before she should date boys while she felt she she was "past that growing up phase."